Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) was born in Kaysersberg in what is now Alsace, France. In l899, he obtained a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Strasbourg. The following year, he obtained a doctorate in theology and became the vicar of St. Nicholas Church in Strasbourg. In 1913, he obtained an MD degree and departed that same year for Lambarini in Africa where he devoted the remainder of his life as a medical missionary to the natives.

He was also a competent musician giving organ concerts in various European countries. He received the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize. The carving is one of a series of sculptures depicting Great Modern Christians, modern in that actual photographs of them were available. Schweitzer is also depicted nearby in the Humanitarians stained glass window.